Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV)
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) is a scheme launched in July 2004, for setting up residential schools at upper primary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC, ST, OBC and minority communities. The scheme is being implemented in educationally backward blocks of the country where the female rural literacy is below the national average and gender gap in literacy is above the national average. The scheme provides for a minimum reservation of 75% of the seats for girls belonging to SC, ST, OBC or minority communities and priority for the remaining 25%, is accorded to girls from families below poverty line.
Initiatives for the implementation of the programme
61 Educationally Backward Blocks were identified initially and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) schools were sanctioned in the Planning Approval Board meeting of MHRD held on 03.12.2004. Three additional KGBVs were sanctioned in 22nd Feb, 2005 and 7 KGBVs sanctioned in 2010-11 PAB totaling to 71 in all and are made operational.
During 2004-05, 34 KGBVs with 100 and 24 with 50 intake capacity were approved and started. In 2005-06, 3 additional KGBVs with the intake capacity of 100 were sanctioned and made operational in 2006-07. MHRD also permitted upgradation of 24 KGBVs to raise the intake capacity to 100. During 2008-09 – 2 KGBVs for Muslim dominated blocks (Gangavathi from Koppal district and Sindhanur from Raichur district) and 01 KGBV for EBBs (Yadgir) have been given with an intake capacity of 100 girls. All the 03 are operational among 61 KGBVs of previous years 3 KGBVs (Gudibale, Channapatna, K.R. Nagara) were given 50 intake of girls. Accordingly they were operational. Hence all the KGBVs except – 03 were operational with 100 intake capacity till 2009-10. SSA Karnataka made a proposal to convert all the 61 KGBVs from Model III to Model I. PAB approved the same and in the year 2011-12 7 New KGBV T.Narasipura, Nanjangudu,Hunsu,Mysore Tq in Mysore District, Mallavalli, pandavapura in Mandya District, Yallanduru in Chamarajnagar Districts were sanctioned and they are operational as of now 71 KGBVs are functioning in Karnataka